Using brain imaging and psychological tests, researchers have identified the regions of the brain most vulnerable to alcohol's effects. These include:
CEREBELLUM - This area controls motor coordination. Damage to the cerebellum results in a loss of balance and stumbling, and also may affect cognitive functions such as memory and emotional response.
LIMBIC SYSTEM - This complex brain system monitors a variety of tasks including memory and emotion. Damage to this area impairs each of these functions.
CEREBRAL CORTEX - Our abilities to think, plan, behave intelligently, and interact socially stem from this brain region. In addition, this area connects the brain to the rest of the nervous system. Changes and damage to this area impair the ability to solve problems, remember, and learn.